Continuous centrifugal machines work by spinning raw gas or condensed liquid around a spiral shaped sieve to separate solids from liquids. These take a lot of energy, but recycle most of it back into the machine as heat or kinetic energy if designed well.
The solids separator is fitted with many small holes so that liquid is forced through the holes and allowed to pass between the rotating discs. The liquid then gets deposited on the outer circumference of the drum while most of the solids collide and are deposited in the center.
Different types of continuous centrifugal machines exist for separating different kinds of materials. Some can be used for water treatment plants that contain heavy metals, sewage sludge drying, food processing and natural gas production, among other things.
The construction process starts with assembling multiple discs in their required shape – either straight bars or spirals – onto a rotating frame which is powered by an electric motor or a steam engine.
When fitted with gas nozzles at each end, it’s possible to move liquids into position behind one disc before sending them around to be separated again by another disc in front of them while using less power than if they were simply pumped through pipes as previously done without a machine like this one.
This design also means that liquids don’t need to be passed through more than once when being treated and removed from industrial processes which cuts down on maintenance costs because there is less wear and tear caused on rotating parts.